UK Visa Refusal Appeal Procedure 

The UK visa refusal appeal procedure can be a complex process.  At A Y & J Solicitors, our lawyers are dedicated, highly experienced and able to help you overcome the difficulties of this appeal process.  We take enormous pride in getting to know our clients and taking the time to fully understand their issues so that we can provide the best possible immigration solution.

Many clients who come to us regarding an immigration appeal have spent months, sometimes years fighting a decision by UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI). Not only do we provide the expert advice and representation they need, we also give our clients the confidence that they have a good chance of achieving a positive result on their Appeal.

Do you need help with UK Visa Refusal Appeal?

What is a UK immigration appeal? 

Under English law, people who have had a negative decision made by a court / government department which affects their life (such as whether they can enter or leave in the UK), normally have a right to appeal.  This is fundamental to the Rule of Law, and we believe it is necessary that migrants have full access to justice by being able to exercise their appeal rights.

Unfortunately, the British government has severely curtailed appeal rights for migrants applying for entry clearance or leave to remain – mainly those applying under the points-based immigration system – and replaced it with Administrative Review rights.  Rights of appeal under the points-based system have been removed, except in situations where it is alleged a refusal breaches the applicant’s human rights.  Therefore, instructing an experienced lawyer who is familiar with immigration law is crucial, both at the visa application stage and when considering an appeal.

Section 84 of the Nationality, Immigration and Asylum Act 2002 outlines valid grounds of appeal to the Immigration and Asylum Chamber, which are:

  • that the decision is not in accordance with immigration rules
  • that the decision is unlawful by virtue of Race and Religion Act section 19B
  • that the decision is unlawful under the Human Rights Act, ie the decision is incompatible with the Convention rights of the appellant
  • that the appellant’s rights under the Community Treaties would be breached because they or a family member are an EEA national
  • that the decision is not in accordance with the law (other than immigration rules)
  • that discretion should have been exercised differently to how it was legally exercised by the initial decision maker
  • that the appellant’s rights under the Refugee Convention and Human Rights Act would be breached were the UK authorities to proceed with removal

What’s the procedure for making an immigration appeal after a UK visa refusal? 

An appeal must be lodged with the First-tier Tribunal (Immigration and Asylum) within 14 calendar days of the date you were sent the notice of decision if you are in the UK, and within 28 calendar days if you have been refused entry clearance and extended in certain circumstances.

Immigration appeals can be decided either orally or through papers.  In many cases, an oral hearing is preferable as it allows the appellant (or, in the case of entry clearance appeals, an A Y & J lawyer) to respond to submissions made by the Respondent (UKVI) and questions raised by the latter or the immigration judge.  In cases where the appellant was refused a visa, we have managed to overturn decisions in our client’s favour before reaching a tribunal hearing.  Such a success saves clients time, money and avoids stress.  By instructing us with your appeal matter, you can be confident it will be managed by professionals.  Should a tribunal hearing prove inevitable, we’ll provide full advice, support and representation.

How are the Notices of Hearing and Determinations served on all parties in immigration appeals? 

During immigration appeals, parties include the Immigration and Asylum Chamber, the Respondent (the Secretary of State, Entry Clearance Officer or Visa Officer depending on the type of appeal), the appellant and in some cases, the legal representation of the appellant, i.e. a firm of solicitors. Your solicitor will prepare appellant’s bundles and serve them to all relevant parties. The Home Office also has duty to serve a respondent’s bundle to all relevant parties.  Once the appeal has been lodged and a certificate of fee satisfaction issued, the tribunal will send a copy of the notice of appeal and any accompanying documents to the Home Office and issue a notice of hearing and directions.

Why choose A Y & J Solicitors for your immigration appeal after a UK visa refusal? 

A Y & J Solicitors is regulated by SRA (Solicitors Regulation Authority) and can help with every aspect of an immigration appeal.  We will prepare the necessary paperwork and represent you before the tribunal.

Our team has extensive experience with appeals on a variety of technicalities including the points-based system, human rights visa applications, EEA Applications Appeal, Appendix FM applications and we approach each case with the expert attention and intervention that is needed for the best possible outcome.  Our past successes include quite complex and difficult appeal matters but our clients always benefit from our ability to break down legal concepts into everyday language.

In each case, we provide clients with excellent customer service and a transparent fee structure with no hidden charges or extra costs. We offer caring service throughout the entire process from initial consultation until the hearing and the ultimate resolution.

We can accommodate our clients in a variety of ways, including in-house consultations at our central London office, or online / telephone/skype meetings.  Our team and lawyers know some international languages, including Indian (incl. Hindi & Gujarati), Romanian, Albanian, Italian, French.


If your appeal succeeds before a First-tier Immigration Tribunal, you may be awarded the costs you have paid at the time of lodging the appeal, i.e. £140

The time it takes to conclude your appeal will depend on the complexities of your case. It sometimes takes several months. However, it is important to note that we try our best to resolve matters before a tribunal hearing takes place.

Statutory’ or ‘section 3C’ leave is intended to protect a person who makes an application for leave to remain while they have existing leave (i.e. where they have made an in-time application).  Section 3C leave continues during any period when:

  1. a) an in-country appeal could be brought (ignoring any possibility of an appeal out of time with permission)
  2. b) the appeal is pending (within the meaning of section 104 of the Nationality, Asylum and Immigration Act 2002), i.e. it has been lodged and has not been finally determined.

By choosing A Y & J Solicitors to handle your appeal, you can be confident we will ensure your legal right to remain in the UK is protected, wherever possible.

Brochure of UK Visa Refusal Appeal

Visa Refusal Appeal Procedure UK

How to challenge the Visa Refusal appealing the UKVI decision.
Some of the facts:

An appeal can be submitted to First-Tier Tribunal (FTT) when UKVI (Home Office) has refused your immigration or visa application; If you have right of appeal, it will be stated in your refusal letter; Most successful appeals are conducted with the assistance of an experienced immigration law practitioner; If you are in the UK, you only have 14 days after the refusal to appeal the UKVI decision, so it is important to take prompt action; If you are outside the UK, you have 28 days to appeal the UKVI decision; An appeal can be based on documentation submitted only or an oral hearing where attendance by you or a representative is required. Your solicitor can advise best approach based on your unique circumstances

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UK Immigration Appeal Process

We are a specialised UK immigration law firm.

Today I want to talk to you about UK immigration appeal.

You might be able to appeal to the First-tier TRIBUNAL if the Home Office has refused your ‘asylum claim’, human rights claim or made a decision under the EEA Regulations.

The tribunal is INDEPENDENT of government. A judge will listen to both sides of the argument before making a decision.

If you are having a full right of appeal, then you should consider seeking legal advice from an experienced immigration lawyer.

Let me share as to how we deal with the appeals at A Y & J Solicitors.

The first step is to review your case and find out the chances of success for an appeal, the fees involved and the recommended approach to your appeal.

It’s not always advisable to appeal a decision, so make sure you have an expert advice before moving forward.

You will then be asked to gather documents and information to support your appeal. It’s important
that this is done quickly, because the deadline for appeal is short and inflexible.

Next, the hearing preparation begins. Let me summarize this in 5 points.

Point 1 includes compiling evidence to support your appeal,
Point 2 includes the skeleton argument your lawyer prepares in your defence,
Point 3 includes any examples of case law that are pertinent,
Point 4 includes any violation of the Home Office’s policy guidance, and
Point 5 includes a detailed statement of your situation that is completely accurate in showing your circumstances.

Your lawyer will then help you get ready by reviewing all information and any questions you may be asked during your hearing.

Now, at the hearing stage, there is a set structure.

First you will have a pre-hearing conference with your lawyer to help you feel confident and calm. Next, a brief meeting takes place between your lawyer and the presenting officer of the Home Office. Occasionally a favourable decision could arise from this meeting, and the hearing could be shortened to a decision. If a decision could not be made, the skeleton argument is handed to the judge, and your case is presented. You will be asked questions by your lawyer and by the Home Office. Then after, closing submissions are heard from the both sides. The hearing would be concluded with a private meeting with your lawyer to ensure that you understand everything that was discussed.

Usually a decision about your appeal is given later and is received in writing. After you receive this decision, you meet with your lawyer —hopefully to celebrate your upcoming Visa!

The appeal process is technical and often complex, if you have any questions or require our assistance, please get in touch. We’ve processed many successful appeals, and we can help you too. Our contact details are at the bottom of this video.

Thank you and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

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Having found myself in a rather sticky situation I was desperate for advice/help/guidance. I found A Y & J Solicitors through a friend and with in minutes into my first phone call to them, felt a sense of tremendous peace of mind which I had longed for. Mr Yash spoke very professionally and together with his team went on to do the almost impossible and secure an ‘Out of time’ extremely complicated Tier 2 application for myself and a spouse visa for my wife. Yes they are expensive. But their services are well worth it. They are direct & almost every step of the way they were transparent and kept me updated on the status as and when they knew anything. With out a doubt, I can easily say that our experience with them has been fantastic and would highly recommend their services to any one i know that is looking for a good immigration solicitor. Keep up the excellent work Mr. Yash. God Bless. Thumbs up to the excellent team they have.

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